ISPP 2015

Career Opportunities in Pharmacy
National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH)


♪ The National Center for
Environmental Health protects people from harmful
exposures in the air we breathe the water we drink, the food we
eat & the world that sustains us We do this by investigating
relationships between
environmental factors such as hazardous chemicals and
radiation and health And using this information to
develop guidance in order to minimize or reduce these
harmful exposures To fulfill this mission, we work
with local and state partners by developing guidance that’s
evidence-based and providing
technical expertise In this video, you’ll hear about
some of the important work we do here at the National Center
for Environmental Health Biomonitoring is the measurement
of environmental chemicals in human specimens, like in blood
or in urine and it’s especially valuable
because it integrates all the exposures that people have to different environmental
chemicals – if it comes from air or water or soil or food,
wherever it comes from, once it gets into the body, we actually
measure what gets into the body The level that gets into the
body is probably the most
health-relevant level so that’s the level we’re most
concerned with when we’re trying
to protect the public’s health In our laboratory, we have lots
of biomonitoring measurements we can measure over 350
chemicals in blood or serum or urine. These range from things
like lead, cadmium, arsenic mercury, to all sorts of
pesticides to persistent organic
pollutants like dioxins and furans and PCBs
to polychlorinated biphenyls to a whole lot of different
compounds that we’re exposed
to in the environment today for which we want to make sure
people are protected from
harmful exposures All Americans have a right
to clean water. One of the things that we have
here at the National Center for Environmental Health is a
program called Safe Watch. Safe Water For Community Health And what that is, is a program
where we help state health departments improve their
environmental health programs and talk about drinking water.
How do we improve those drinking
water systems here in the US and make them healthier and
safe to drink? One of the things that can
happen when people get water
from huge water body sources is that they’re subject to
whatever is going on in that
water body and Lake Erie over the last
couple of decades has been subject to very extensive
microsystis blooms and it produces a toxin called
microsystin and if you’re
exposed to microsystin in large doses it can cause liver
problems and kidney problems. What happened in Toledo was
that they were drawing water from an area that had an
extensive bloom and when they treated the
drinking water, it did not get rid of all of the toxins so
there were very, very small amts of the toxin left in the
drinking water in the community. CDC had a big response in terms
of helping them get enough
drinking water to the community and we also helped with issues
like whether or not a hospital
could use water that had microsystin in it whether or not
children should be playing in the water whether restaurants
could use the water to cook food so there was a lot of different
things that we were providing
technical assistance with The CDC’s Climate & Health
program is tasked with preparing the US public health
infrastructure for the health
consequences of climate change We do this in numerous ways.
We develop the science to assess how climate change will impact
health. We also work with our partners
to identify regional threats that they might be experiencing
within their jurisdiction. We help them understand
how those threats might play within their area, identify
vulnerable populations and underestand how patterns of
disease or disease epidemiology might change into the future
as a result of climate change. Environmental Public Health
Tracking I tend to think of as public health surveillance
SUPERSIZED. It is the ongoing collection,
integration, management analysis and dissemination of data on health, on environmental
conditions and on exposures. It encompasses the people both
at CDC and at the state and local levels who are engaged in
the program. It encompasses the resources
to make things happen and it encompasses the
National Environmental Public
Health Tracking Network which is really the cornerstone
of the program We have made tremdous strides
in the area of childhood lead
poisoning prevention So what we do here is alot of
childhood lead poisoning
surveillance We work with state and local
health departments to make sure that they are collecting data screening their children and
collecting the information they need to really find those
children that are high risk. We call that primary prevention. We do alot of secondary
prevention where we fund state
and local health departments to have a childhood lead
poisoning prevention program This year we were able to fund
29 states, 5 local big cities
and the District of Columbia The National Center for
Environmental Health is on the front lines of
protecting the public’s health. We work with thousands of
dedicated local and state health
deparment officials in order to implement programs
to promote health to prepare for and respond
to emergencies to achieve our vision of healthy
people and healthy environments

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