ISPP 2015

Career Opportunities in Pharmacy
Autophagy: Research Behind the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine | TokyoTechX on edX


[MUSIC PLAYING] ALEXANDER MAY: What is autophagy? And why does the Nobel Prize-winning
discovery of autophagy matter? The 2016 Nobel Prize in
Physiology or Medicine was awarded to Doctor Yoshinori Ohsumi
from the Tokyo Institute of Technology for his research on autophagy. Professor Ohsumi uncovered
the autophagy mechanism by carefully observing yeast
cells under a microscope. Autophagy was discovered in yeast,
but also occurs in human cells and has been linked to various diseases. Using autophagy, cells can
capture, break down, and reuse their own internal components. This means the cell can
recycle its own components. In human cells,
autophagy has been linked to a number of cellular
processes and diseases, such as development, bacterial
infection, aging, and cancer. HITOSHI NAKATOGAWA: Hi,
I’m Hitoshi Nakatogawa. ALEXANDER MAY: And I’m Alexander May,
at the Tokyo Institute of Technology. HITOSHI NAKATOGAWA: We are the
instructors for this course. Join us– ALEXANDER MAY: –and let’s learn
the intriguing story and research behind the 2016 Nobel Prize.

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